The Crime Victim Compensation program
provides financial assistance to victims who may have experienced a financial loss as a direct result of a crime.
As Professor Julie Goldscheid noted, crime victim compensation programs have always included restrictions "designed to limit eligibility." (106) If the eligibility requirements are used to disqualify victims and are not related to the underlying rationales for CVC programs, they should be reevaluated.
See, e.g., Dan Eddy, National Association of Crime Victim Compensation Boards, State Crime Victim Compensation Programs: Nature & Scope 1 (2003), available at http://www.ncvc.org/ncvc/AGP.Net/Components/documentViewer/ Download.aspxnz?DocumentID=32593.
State crime victim compensation programs
, which are in place in all states, provide a source of restitution or reimbursement of crime-related expenses not covered by any other source.
role for the federal government to play in this area.(4) Accordingly, the Task Force recommended that the United States Congress "should enact legislation to provide federal funding to assist state crime victim compensation programs" as part of a general strategy to develop "comprehensive assistance to all victims of crime."(5) The prominence of the victims movement in the early 1980s secured a favorable reception for this recommendation, and in 1984 Congress enacted the Victims of Crime Acts (VOCA).(6) VOCA established a federal office responsible for developing the rights of victims generally and in particular for providing supplementary federal funding for state victim assistance programs through a newly created Crime Victims Fund.
Sarnoff, A National Survey of State Crime Victim Compensation Programs, Policies and Administrative Methods 126-31 (unpublished Doctor of Social Welfare thesis, Adelphi University).
With monies from the Crime Victims' Fund--comprised of fines and penalties assessed on convicted, Federal defendants--OVC awards grants to support State crime victim compensation programs
and organizations that provide direct services to victims.