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(6.) This part of the Dasam Granth is by far the most substantial part of the work, since it fills 1,232 of its 1,428 pages (Sri Guru Dasam Granth Sahib Ji: 155-708, 809-1388).
Although it is quite clear that both of these allegedly Chhibbar products draw upon similar sources in the construction of their narratives, [41] the Bansavali-nama is the very first Sikh text to deal specifically with the death of Guru Arjan Ultimately, Kesar Singh, a Chhibbar brahmin Sikh, whose Bansavali-nama draws upon the ubiquitous puranic cosmology also found in the lengthier portions of the Dasam Granth, interprets Guru Arjan's death by reference to the laws of karma.
Indeed, in the many texts that comprise the Dasam Granth, especially the Bachitar Natak; in Sainapati's Sri Gur-sobha; in the works of the Chhibbar brahmins; and in the very late eighteenth century gur-bilas text attributed to Sukha Singh, the Gurbilas Patsahi 10, references to martyrdom abound but there are no attempts to understand the fifth Guru's demise in this light.
What is especially important in this passage is its final sentence, an importance underscored by the fact that it also appears (only very slightly modified) in the Krisanavatar, a narrative of Krishna's battles that is also part of the Dasam Granth.
Certainly the Sikh authors whose texts are a part of the Dasam Granth, as well as Sainapati and Chaupa Singh Chhibbar, were associated with Guru Tegh Bahadur's famous son and some of these Sikhs, moreover, may well have interpreted the death of the ninth Guru as the reason behind the creation of the Khalsa, the order to which we may assume many of these authors belonged.
73 The text of the portion of Chaubis avatar reproduced in the manuscript is on pages 571-610 of the standard printed edition of the Dasam Granth (printed as Sri Dasam Guru Granth Sahib ji, by Bhai Javahar Singh Kirpal Singh, Amritsar), which has 1,428 pages in total.
Loyal Kukas obey these commandments, as indeed they obey all the words of scripture (both the Adi Granth and the Dasam Granth) that are amenable to belief or behavior.
That this death represented the ideal demise of the time is reinforced by a passage we find in another significant work included within the Dasam Granth, the Chandi Charitr (Acts of [the goddess] Candi - not a gur-bilas work) also attributed to the tenth Guru.
In these and other books and essays dealing with sahidi in Sikhism, Guru Nanak's emphasis on martyrdom is inferred from his famous slok varan te vadhik 20, Adi Granth, 1412; while Guru Gobind Singh's is found in the final invocation of the Chandi Charitr 231, Dasam Granth, 99.
According to our author: so badhe hoe ditte nadi rurhae, "[Guru Arian] was tied up and thrown into the river," Bansavali nama Dasam Patstihiam da, published in Parkh: Research Bulletin of Panjabi Language and Literature, ed.
For the narrative itself see Sri Dasam Granth Sahib Ji (Amritsar: Bhai Chatar Singh Bhai Jivan Singh Publishers, 1985), 39-73.