The DDRRR programme proposed by MONUC does not fall in any of the above categories for peace missions.
As in the case of Sierra Leone, and to a lesser extent in Ethiopia and the Republic of Djibouti, which entail demobilising and reintegrating former fighters, the DDRRR programme should above all be an initiative of the countries concerned (Burundi, DRC, Uganda and Rwanda).
The clearest example is that of the DDRRR programme based on the voluntary (18) disarmament of the negative forces, which was conceived and should be implemented without the participation of the belligerent states of the region, but which completely modifies chapter 8 and 9 which foresaw the use of military force to carry out the disarmament of the armed groups.
Even more surprising is the declaration of the EU representative, Belgian ambassador Jean de Ruyt, at the session reserved for the ORG conflict during the General Assembly of November 2001: "The DDRRR must take place on a voluntary and peaceful basis.
But strangely, the same Security Council returned through a back door to provide support, through Resolution 1376 (2001) for the launching of the DDRRR programme, which is based on the voluntary disarming of the negative forces in the eastern DRC.
In fact, under Phase III of MONUC, the UN proposed, within the framework of the disarmament of the negative forces, a programme called DDRRR whose headquarters would be based in Kindu.
It should also be underscored that the peace agreement requested that the UN changes the mandate (from observation to peacekeeping) of its mission (MONUC) in the DRC, and accelerate the implementation of its third phase centred on DDRRR.
This programme does not identify the organs in the countries concerned (namely Burundi, Uganda, the DRC and Rwanda) that the World Bank, which administers this new Trust Fund, will work with to finance the different DDRRR activities.
The countries concerned are not involved, contrary to what is happening in Sierra Leone, with the allocation of the financial resources to the different activities linked to the DDRRR programme.
The MONUC programme, known as DDRRR, is inapplicable at present in the DRC for the simple reason that it does not correspond to the reality on the ground and that it has no legal basis.