Participants completed the DEBQ, EAT-26, Brief COPE Inventory, and a demographic form.
We first explored potential gender differences in disordered eating, as measured by the three subscales of the DEBQ. Results indicated significant gender differences on Restrained Eating and Emotional Eating.
First a DEBQ questionnaire was administered to each participant, they were required to answer the questions in 10 minutes after that they were taught the Stroop test process then a laptop with a 10-inch monitor was given to them.
The Dutch Eating Behaviour Questionnaire (DEBQ) for assessment of restrained, emotional and external eating behavior.
The DEBQ: The internal consistency coefficients of the whole and subscales of the Turkish version are considerably high [Cronbach [alpha] (whole scale)=0.94, emotional eating=0.97, external eating=0.90, restrained eating=0.91] (19).
A series of linear regressions were conducted to determine whether disordered eating attitudes, as measured by the EDE-Q and DEBQ, and BED, as assessed by clinical interview, significantly contributed to the 24-hour urinary cortisol level, bone turnover markers, and BMD.
Finally, the probing for suspicion check, the valence questionnaire, the demographic questionnaire, and the DEBQ Restrained Eating subscale were administered (see "Measures").
In the present study, the subdivision between high and low restrained eaters was performed after the experiment had ended and was based on the norms of the DEBQ Restrained Eating scale (Van Strien et al.
Data were collapsed across all subjects for a canonical correlation analysis comparing the dependent variables (scores on the restrained, emotional and external eating scales of the DEBQ) to the variables of self-esteem, competition anxiety, social influences, and body image.
This does not preclude the fact, however, that there were individual athletes in this study who scored high on the subscales of the DEBQ, indicating unhealthy eating behavior.
The instrument was comprised of demographic information and two previously validated survey tools: the restraint scale portion of the Dutch Eating Behavior Questionnaire (DEBQ
) (Van Strien, Frijters, Bergers, & DeFares, 1986) and the abbreviated Eating Attitudes Test (EAT-26) (Garner, Olmsted, Bohr, & Garfinkel, 1982).