If the threshold were 5 percent, the pro-Kurdish DEHAP party would likely win 54 seats, since DEHAP won the majority of the votes in Kurdish-populated provinces.
Due to the court cases, DEHAP was closed, and its members formed the new Kurdish Democratic Society Party (DTP).
MEPs also condemned the political persecution of such political parties as HADEP and DEHAP
In the early 1990s, the Left lost a significant number of votes to the Kurdish political movement, whose party organizations such as the HADEP, the DEHAP
and the BDP robbed the center-left of roughly 4 points in each election thanks to their emphasis on the Kurdish ethnic identity.
DEHAP (Democratic People's Party), was formed as a reserve party in 1997, but in 2005 was turned into the DTP.
Despite obtaining more than five per cent of the vote, the DYP (True Path Party), the MHP (Nationalist Movement Party), the DEHAP, the ANAP (Motherland Party) and the GP (Young Party) were unable to send representatives to parliament.
The Turkish state tried to break off the relationship between the legal parties--HEP (the People's Labor Party), DEP, HADEP (People's Democratic Party), DEHAP
(Democratic People's Party), and DTP--and the PKK before but could not succeed.