Put differently, without interacting simultaneously with these two often conflicting tensions, and without deliberately acknowledging that these tensions overlap in decision-making, the analysis of the challenges to, and proposals for, the improvement of DIDR initiatives becomes somewhat removed from the everyday realities and complexities that characterize such projects.
The present discussion departs from the dominant approach to the study of DIDR and looks at involuntary resettlement for what it actually is: resettlement that results from investments in large infrastructure projects.
The shift in conceptualizing DIDR from a "dams and development" perspective to an investment perspective produces different but complementary results.
This article employs this literature to further the argument about why it is important to study DIDR from an investment perspective.
Without denying the potential role of FDI in facilitating economic growth in Third World countries, this article examines how the conditions attached to attracting foreign private investment adversely impact the interests of displaced communities and present additional challenges for DIDR.