travel with a large cache of supplies, medications and equipment, which includes adult diapers, incontinence pads and protective barrier ointments.
Local MA-1 DMAT
members deployed for the Red River Basin Floods included Webster resident Doug Daniels, an EMT communication specialist who works at the Marianapolis Preparatory School in Thompson.
These are 50-member teams that deploy less often than DMATs
. They are generally tasked to respond to nuclear, biologic, and chemical incidents.
I belong to NY-4 DMAT
, one of two DMAT
teams in New York State.
As stated in DMAT
promotional material, "DMATs
deploy to disaster sites with sufficient supplies and equipment to sustain themselves for a period of 72 hours while providing medical care at a fixed or temporary medical care site." In incidents with large numbers of casualties, DMATs
responsibilities include "triaging patients, providing high-quality medical care despite the adverse and austere environment often found at a disaster site, and preparing patients for evacuation." DMATs
may also provide primary medical care or may augment overloaded local health care staffs.
Despite the deployment of all FEMA DMATs
in the wake of Hurricane Katrina, there were reports of overwhelmed field hospitals and triage centers, and urgent calls from hospitals for more medical personnel.
During the period after active surveillance, September 12-October 11, a total of 27,135 visits were reported from EDs, DMATs
, and outpatient clinics, an average of 904 per day; 1,196 (4.4%) patients were children aged <5 years.
Once assembled and characterized, the DMATS
units will be circulated among participating display measurement laboratories in a star intercomparison.
Editorial Note: Active surveillance for injuries and illnesses was rapidly implemented in hospital emergency departments (EDs), community clinics, and temporary acute-care facilities staffed by DMATs
in response to Hurricane Katrina.
On September 16, the USVI Department of Social and Health Services, in collaboration with CDC and the Preventive Medicine Task Force of the Public Health Service National Disaster Medical System, inititated public health surveillance to 1)maintain daily contact with primary health-care facilities, including deployed Disaster Medical Assistance Teams (DMATs
); 2) characterize adverse health events during the early post-hurricane phase; 3) coordinate disease outbreak investigations; 4) provide reliable information to health planners for determining priorities; and 5) recommend public health interventions.