The 2008 tiger population estimate was jointly implemented by the DNPWC, Department of Forests (DOF), WWF, National Trust for Nature Conservation (NTNC) with support from Save The Tiger Fund (STF), WWF-US, WWF-UK, WWF International and US Fish and Wildlife Service (USFWS).
"Tigers can not be saved by the effort of a single individual or a single organization," said Gopal Prasad Upadhyay, Director General, DNPWC.
The Department of National Parks and Wildlife Conservation (DNPWC) is a small part of the Ministry of Forests and Soil Conservation.
The relationship between KMTNC and DNPWC is informal but complex.
In very simple terms, the stakeholders can be said to include: DNPWC staff, who seek to minimize ecological impacts; local people, who try to exploit economic opportunities; foreign or Kathmandu-based tour and trekking agencies, which seek to maximize their own profits; and various HMGN agencies, which are anxious to increase overall tourist numbers and resist the regulation of tourists in the parks.
The Department of Tourism has tended to downplay the environmental impacts of tourism and has encouraged DNPWC to take responsibility for such issues.
* Also in the Himalayas, the joint project of DNPWC and Woodlands Mountain Institute (a US-based NGO) to establish the participatory Makalu-Barun Conservation Area and National Park began in 1988, with partial support from the Global Environment Facility.
The buffer zone rules (DNPWC, 1994) describe the provisions of the 1993 Amendment in detail, outlining management procedures and identifying activities prohibited within buffer zones.
Chitwan received 65,000 Nepalese and foreign visitors in 1995 (DNPWC, 1995).