Since the 1930 elections the DNVP
received fewer and fewer votes but was superseded by the even more radical National Socialists.
The Nazi NSDAP had the brown-shirted SA (Sturm Abteilung or 'Storm Division'); the Communist KPD, the Red Front Fighters' League (Rotfrontkampferbund); the Social Democratic SPD had the Reichsbanner; and the nationalist DNVP
, the Stahlhelm.
Variations of this diagnosis are also made (implicitly) in the essays by Gasteiger and Jones on the DNVP
and in the essay by Bjorn Hofmeister on the Pan-German league.
As a nationalist himself Stresemann was able to talk the language of the DNVP.
Once the main lines of Stresemann's policy were established and it became clear that the DNVP would neither be won over nor broken up, the emphasis of his arguments shifted.
Stresemann knew that the DNVP under its new leader Hugenberg was drawing closer to the Nazis to take advantage of the crisis and bring down the Republic.
Surprisingly, the first electoral breakthroughs enjoyed by the Nazis came in Protestant rural areas, such as Schleswig-Holstein and Lower Saxony, where peasant voters had earlier registered discontent with their traditional representatives from the DNVP (German National People's Party or Nationalists).
The Nazi Party was largely self-financing, and industrial money was most likely to find its way into the coffers of the DNVP and DVP, though some concerns (such as Flick) did spread their donations over virtually all bourgeois parties, including the NSDAP, as a kind of political insurance.
Moore has drawn one long line from the end of World War I to Hitler, making little or no differentiation between imperial and democratic Germany, between the socialists and Democrats, or the right-wing DNVP
and the Nazis.