'It is very urgent that we have a single government agency in charge of disaster preparedness, mitigation and response to be able to provide consistent training, craft better policies and act on pressing DRRI
concerns,' Gariguez said.
Initialize The sliding-window start data-point number w = 0 Searching the sliding window: Set inside-window start data-point number i = 0 Repeat i = i + 1, if (dRRi(w + i) < 0 and dSBP(w + i) < 0) Register i in the first-quadrant array else if (dRRi(w + i) > 0 and dSBP(w + i) > 0) Register i in the third-quadrant array Until i = 16 Calculate the regression coefficient between dRRi
(i) and dSBP (i) in the first-quadrant and third-quadrant separately: [R.sub.1] and [R.sub.2] BRS in the wth sliding-window is calculated as: BRS w = ([R.sub.1] + [R.sub.2])/2, w = w + 1.
Social support was measured with the Postdeployment Social Support Scale from the DRRI. This scale uses 15 items to assess the extent to which family, friends, coworkers, employers, and community provided emotional sustenance and instrumental assistance.
Abbreviations: CD-RISC = Connor-Davidson Resilience Scale, CI = confidence interval, DRRI = Deployment Risk and Resilience Inventory, OIF/OEF = Operation Iraqi Freedom/ Operation Enduring Freedom, OR = odds ratio, PTSD = posttraumatic stress disorder, TAP = Transition Assistance Program, TICS = Two-Item Conjoint Screen, VA = Department of Veterans Affairs.
Manual for the Deployment Risk and Resilience Inventory (DRRI): A collection of measures for studying deployment-related experiences of military veterans.
However, including a combat exposure screen in any postdeployment psychological screening battery (such as the one used in the DRRI) as a mechanism to assist in the identification of service members at greater risk for the later development of mental health problems may be warranted.
found that the perception of threat was significant in predicting outcome after controlling for combat exposure in a sample of Gulf War I veterans who, as a group, reported a much lower level of reported combat exposure (DRRI Combat Experience subscale, M = 3.99, SD = 3.24) relative to the present sample of OIF Marines (M = 8.79, SD = 2.96).
Scores on the DRRI
Combat Experiences Scale indicated a moderate amount of combat exposure overall, with 80 percent reporting four or more combat experiences, such as receiving hostile or incoming fire (94%), going on combat missions or patrols (89%), witnessing an ally being seriously wounded or killed (40%), and firing a weapon at the enemy (27%).
Three war-zone stressor measures were taken from the DRRI [28-29], a collection of scales aimed at appraising factors that might render war veterans more or less vulnerable to postwar distress, adjustment difficulties, and ill health.
The suite of 14 scales that comprise the full DRRI assesses multiple dimensions of the deployment experience: indicators of more objective as well as more subjective features of deployment, both higher magnitude and lower magnitude stressors, events and circumstances closely associated with the warrior mission, and interpersonal aspects that characterize the deployment experience.
The first DRRI measure used in this study was the perceived threat scale, which is composed of 15 items that evaluate one's fear or sense of safety and well-being in the war zone, including judgments concerning potential threat to life or bodily integrity.
A second war-zone stressor measure was the DRRI's combat experiences scale, which contains 20 items that document exposure to stereotypical warfare events and circumstances, such as firing a weapon, being fired on, witnessing injury and death, and going on special missions and patrols that involve such experiences.