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The original research articles or clinical studies, however, were considered only back to the years of 2014-2016 since several review studies on this topic had been made before or even in this period, e.g., (Cooper et al., 2013; Craig et al., 2014; Markewicz, van Til, & Ijzerman, 2014; Mathes et al., 2013; Pham et al., 2014; Rotter, Foerster, & Bridges, 2012; Stephens, Handke, & Dshi, 2012).
The remainder of the modified DSHI contains 12 items assessing the specific methods used to self-injure.
Some of the existing options for NSSI assessments with behavioral checklists include the Inventory of Statements About Self-Injury (ISAS; Klonsky & Glenn, 2009), the DSHI (Gratz, 2001), the Ottawa Self-Injury Inventory (OSI; Cloutier & Nixon, 2003), and the SHBQ (Gutierrez, Osman, Barrios, & Kopper, 2001).
The current study adapted the DSHI by combining redundantly worded items and eliminating forms of deliberate self-harm that were not endorsed in previous research.
Reliability and validity information have reported the DSHI and ADSHI to be an adequate measure of NSSI behavior (Gratz, 2001; Wester et al., in press; Wester & Trepal, 2010, 2015).
For example, counselors who rely solely on the DSHI (Gratz, 2001) would fail to tap functions of NSSI intended by clients, their interest in change, and the impact of NSSI on important life domains.
Responses to the DSHI item assessing the most recent NSSI episode indicated that 14.7% of NSSI participants reported an episode in the past month; 23.5% an episode within the last nine months; 29.4% an episode in the past year; and 35.3% an episode within the last two years.
To further investigate the general responses provided by the NSSI group (n = 23), frequencies and means were calculated for several responses on the Deliberate Self-Harm Inventory (DSHI).
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- DSH homolog 1
- DSH homolog 2
- DSH homolog 3