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The majority of the DSWR population are Malays, whose main activity is fishing.
Honey and Beeswax Related Activities of the DSWR Conservation Project
In late 1994, the DSWR Conservation Project began a series of community-based income generating activities to act as "entry-points" to gain local interest in participating in other management and conservation initiatives of the project.
Through skills training, assistance in product development and design and improved marketing for previously unused or under-utilised natural resources, the DSWR Project helped increase the value of these resources and products for the benefit of both the natural resources and communities of DSWR.
This work initially began with a plan to bottle locally collected DSWR honey and market it directly to consumers in Pontianak.
Largely owing to the remote location and conservation status of the Reserve, the honey collected in the DSWR is organic and free of additives.
Largely due to the similarity between the tikung collection system practised by the honeyhunters in the flooded forests of DSWR and the rafter honeyboard system in southern Vietnam, the DSWR project was approached by Vincent Mulder (a representative of CIDSE--a Dutch development NGO and NECTAR--the Netherlands Centre for Tropical Apicultural Resources) to facilitate an exchange between DSWR honey collectors and their counterparts who collect honey in the seasonally flooded melaleuca forests of the U Minh Forest in the Minh Hai Province of southern Vietnam.
(15) The visit identified numerous similarities between the two traditional systems, but also highlighted techniques that could improve bee and colony management, honey harvesting, and wax processing in DSWR. Addressing some of these issues would help ensure the long-term sustainability of the bee colonies, increase the quantity and quality of the yields, and thereby advance the goals of conservation by improving the financial viability of the honey and beeswax enterprises.
To overcome this, it was suggested that a field visit to the U Minh Forest, where honey collectors from DSWR could see concrete examples of the recommended changes in management and harvesting practices for themselves, would be an excellent way to promote improvement to the tikung system in DSWR.
The nest census found few orangutan nests within DSWR. In the moderate extension, the present DSNP, moderate to high numbers of nests were found even though the areas sampled were designated Production Forest.
Table 1 Orangutan population estimates for the original DSWR, the present DSNP, and the greater proposed extension.
1997 Land Cover Mapping at DSWR: Methodology and Results.
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