Mahmoud, "New CMOS DVCC realization and applications to instrumentation amplifier and active-RC filters," AEU - Int.
Temizyurek, "Dual input all-pass filter using DVCC," SCS 2003.
Current-mode frequency filters are using different types of active elements, for example a variety of conveyors such as second-generation current conveyor (CCII) [3-5], differential voltage current conveyors (DVCC
) ,  and second-generation fully-differential current conveyors (FDCCI) , .
Yabuki, "Electronically tunable first-order all-pass circuit employing DVCC
and OTA," International Journal of Electronics, vol.
The proposed filter is composed from one DDCC and two DVCCs. The structure also includes four passive elements, namely three resistors and two capacitors.
As the filter uses one DDCC and two DVCCs, for simulations and the experimental measurements three universal current conveyors UCC-N1B 0520 had to be used, .
Shen, "A versatile universal capacitor-grounded voltage-mode filter using DVCCs," Electronics and Telecommunications Research Institute Journal, vol.
As a current-mode active device, the DVCC has the advantages of both second-generation current conveyor (such as large signal bandwidth, great linearity, and wide dynamic range) and the differential difference amplifier (such as high input impedance and arithmetic operation capability) .
of Abbreviation of Internal active/ active element or subsections passive elements elements , 3/3 OTA --  3/2 2x VCA + DT + VB --  2/4 CCII + UCC + 4 diodes --  2/4 DVCC
--  2/1 MO-CTTA sCA+OTA  2/1 MO-CCCDTA CDU+OTA  2/1 MO-CCCCTA CCCII+OTA  2/3 DO-VDBA, FB-VDBA OTA+VB+VI  1/2 CG-CDVA aCA+DVCA  1/3 ZC-CG-VDCC OTA+ECCII Fig.
Another current-mode work became available with the advantage of employing two grounded components, easy for integration, and an active element in the form of a modified DVCC
with a topology compatibility with CCIII as well .
Chatuverdi, "High output impedance CMQOs using DVCCs
and grounded components", Int.
Yuce, "Voltage-Mode Multifunction Filters Employing a Single DVCC
and Grounded Capacitors," IEEE Trans.