The scientists also discovered that active infections of the deformed wing virus
were higher near these commercial apiaries but no deformed wing virus
was found in the bumblebees they collected where foraging honeybees and apiaries were absent.
Deformed wing virus. Journal of invertebrate pathology, Suppl 1, p.48-61, 2010.
Effect of 1,3-1,60-Glucan on Natural and Experimental Deformed Wing Virus Infection in Newly Emerged Honeybees (Apis mellifera ligustica).
A blastx (https://blast.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/Blast.cgi) alignment to GenBank viral sequences enabled the assignment of most viral sequences to phages (not represented) and viruses of the Partitiviridae and Parvoviridae (Densovirinae) families (online Technical Appendix Figure 1); however, a few reads pointed to a member of the Iflaviridae family, which contains such notable bee pathogens as deformed wing virus and slow bee paralysis virus (9).
Deformed wing virus is a recent global epidemic in honeybees driven by Varroa mites.
These include the honey bee parasite Nosema ceranae (Plischuk et ah, 2009) and some viruses like Acute bee paralysis virus (ABPV) (Bailey and Gibbs, 1964), Kashmir bee virus (KBV) (Ward et al., 2007) and Deformed wing virus (DWV), reported in Bombus terrestris and Bombuspascuorum in Germany in 2006 (Genersch et al., 2006).
Detection of Deformed wing virus, ahoney bee viral pathogen, in bumble bees (Bombus terrestris and Bombus pascuorum) with wing deformities.
"Finding Kashmir bee virus in a hive was the best predictor of CCD in the western United States, while deformed wing virus
, an unrelated RNA virus, was a better predictor in the East," Evans says.
Deformed wing virus
has been linked to the collapse of honey bee colonies in the UK.
Called deformed wing virus
, it might use ants as a reservoir, spreading to bees that are visiting the same flowers or getting raided for honey by the ants, Lester and colleagues suggest September 9 in Biology Letters.
These differences remained even in an experimental hive that the researchers discovered was infected with deformed wing virus
, one of the many maladies that afflict honey bees around the world.