Ethylene dibromide (EDB), dibromochloropropane
(DBCP) and trichloropropane (TCP) are halogenated compounds that may leach into ground or surface water.
Some 700 claimants died in the past decade waiting for compensation, according to Nicaragua's Ministry of Agriculture, and more than 22,000 are reportedly ill as a result of contact with the pesticides nemagon and fumazone, brand names for dibromochloropropane
And there are well-documented links between some chemicals that have since been banned and the complete loss of sperm in workers exposed to them, such as dibromochloropropane
(DBCP), a pesticide historically used on pineapples.
The suit alleged that exposure in their home countries to dibromochloropropane
, a chemical used as an agricultural pesticide, caused them serious injuries.
Nemagon's active ingredient is dibromochloropropane
or DBCP, formerly classified "extremely hazardous" and now classified "obsolete or discontinued" by the World Health Organization (WHO).
The FDA approved the pesticide dibromochloropropane
before it was alleged to cause sterility in users and banned in 1979, and it also approved silicone breast implants, Gleason said.
TABLE I Examples of Known and Potential Endocrine Disrupters Substance Reference Diethylstilbestrol 5 DDT 20 PCBs 21 Estradiol-17b 22 Coumestrol 22 Equol 22 Zearalenone 22 3,9-Dihydroxybenz[a]anthracene 22 Kepone 22 DDE 23 Methoxychlor 20 Mirex 20 TCDD 24 Tributyltin 25, 26 Tamoxifen 27 Cadmium 28 Zearealonone 29 Benzo[a]pyrene 30 Lead 30 Arochlor 1254 30 Methyl mercury 31 PAHs 32 Polychlorinated dibenzo-p-dioxins 33 Polychlorinated dibenzofurans 33 Cyproterone acetate 29 Dibromochloropropane
29 Fenarimol 29 Nitrofen 29 Hexachlorophene 29 PBBs 29 Carbaryl 34 Aldrin 34 Chlordane 34 2,4-D 34 2,4,5-T 34 Zineb 34 Maneb 34
Overregulation of "pineapple pesticide," dibromochloropropane
, was the subject of repeated congressional ridicule in the heady "first 100 days" of the Republican-controlled House of Representatives, until it was discovered that the known carcinogen was used on 40 crops until 1979 and has been found in drinking water in 19 states.
The rest of the world began to take notice in 1985, when a lawsuit was filed on behalf of some of the 2,000 banana workers allegedly sterilized by the pesticide dibromochloropropane
(DBCP) in the 1970s.