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DIGORDocuments Interest Group of Oregon
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(8) Ossetic has two major dialects, Iron, on which the standard language is based, and Digor; for a characterization of the language see Erschler [2009: 419-420].
(10) Only the possibility of inserting an element between the verbal preverb and the verbal root, and perhaps the preverb separation in Hungarian and German, could be regarded as a remnant of the older adverbial/prepositional function of preverbs (see below [section] 2.10); this first phenomenon, known in the scientific literature as tmesis, is well attested in Old Georgian, Digor and other Indo-European languages (Schmidt 1969 and 1988, Thordarson 1982: 257).
By comparison, the accentual system of Digor appears to be significantly more complex, with the position of stress conditioned by the openness or closedness of syllables as well as the distinction between strong and weak vowels.
The restriction of stress to the first two syllables of the prosodic unit in Iron, and to the first three syllables in Digor, can easily be an innovation, similar to, e.g., the limitation of stress to the final three syllables in Latin or ancient Greek.
to Digor and Iron are summarized in the following table: (25) PIr.
Zgusta seems to imply that the language of the inscription is thus closer to Digor (1987: 61), but as Digor is here (and in many other respects) merely more archaic than Iron, preservation of the distinction between *i and *u is hardly surprising; cf.
*-a remained distinct in medieval (pre-)POss., as indeed they do in present-day Digor: *-ah > D, 1-[??], whereas *-a > I -[??] but D -oe.
-ta in semi-independence in a compound, which has resulted in the change of *-ta > *-ta > *-tae, while as an independent monosyllable *ta became ta as *ma became ma with -a, and in the final syllable of a word -a became Digor -oe, and was lost in Iron: madoe, mad 'mother'.
(9.) At least in nominal declension; pronouns appear to have maintained a three-way case opposition, preserved especially in Digor, e.g., Dual "so many," gen.
On the pronominal declension of numerals in Digor (e.g., duuoe "two," gen.
In oblique cases, the quantified noun takes pronominal endings in Digor, e.g., gen.
(20.) Isaev (1954: 230ff.) has posited a distinctively long vowel /i/ for Digor, based on minimal pairs such as din "religion" ([left arrow] Arabic) vs.