To our knowledge, no other EBDCs are being used on these plantations (Bravo et al.
Detectable urinary ETU concentrations in general populations are thought to be attributable to exposure to EBDCs and ETU from consumption of foods with pesticide residues (Aprea et al.
Also, none of the women reported residential use of mancozeb or other EBDCs.
will be responsible for the construction of the affordable housing units that will make up approximately 55% of the total number of houses, along with the primary infrastructure and recreational areas.
Thirty-four urinary metabolites were measured for the CHAMACOS cohort, including OP, OC, and pyrethroid pesticides, herbicides, and EBDC fungicides.
ETU is the principal metabolite of the EBDC fungicides (maneb and mancozeb).
Vettorazzi wrote and reviewed several working papers on compounds to be discussed at the 1992 JMPR, including the EBDC thiram (Herrman 1992; Vettorazzi 1992b).
EBDCs were regarded as vital to control blue mold outbreaks in Europe (Philip Morris 1990a).
There are limited data in literature that indicate the sensitivity of ETU as a biomarker for EBDC exposure, and there are no reported studies that used blood ETU for monitoring.
In the present study, soil ETU levels were higher on the banana plantations than on the organic farm, which we attribute to EBDC use.
Thyroid hormones and cytogenetic outcomes in backpack sprayers using EBDC fungicides in Mexico.
concerns a group of workers using a mixture of different pesticides, such as EBDC fungicides, organophosphates (in "a typical mixture" up to 48% by weight), plant-regulating substances, and foliar nutrients (Steenland et al.