In addition, some authors suggest that the EBFM must be "based on maintaining ecosystem health and productivity and focusing on system resilience" (Appeldoorn 2011:147).
Although, the debate on EBFM seems to be recent, the origins can be traced to the last 30 years in the international community, where scientists and practitioners of conservation struggled to define and implement such a conservation (and research) strategy (Longhurst 2010:265-277).
The elegant and important phrase EBFM describes a desired goal that is rather difficult to achieve by managers and scientists, who still embrace traditional forms of fisheries management, or for those who follow the rules, regulations and policies set by fisheries management agencies.
Currently there is, in our view, a disconnection between the "natural" sciences and the social sciences in engaging--as partners--in research and implementation of the EBFM.
Here, we argue that connectivity and landscape are also (almost) concepts used by the social sciences, which are amenable and suitable for metaphors, models and actually useful heuristic devices to construct the interdisciplinary knowledge and practice of EBFM.
Yet, scientists and managers insist on the need and importance of the incorporation of an EBFM, but the guidelines needed to achieve that goal are lacking.
In this article we present critical questions we need to answer to build a framework for the appropriate incorporation of EBFM, from the perspective of the social sciences in the Caribbean region.
The application of an EBFM requires that attention be paid to the social (human) component, that is central to the analysis of the stock (as in the case of fisheries), as this unit is defined in reference to the extractive process (fishing mortality) that shapes its form and content.
Understanding the cultural processes within the spatiotemporal context of nature is critical to the analysis of fisheries; and thus, the role of the social sciences in working with the natural sciences in the design and implementation of an EBFM.
As the fisheries management establishment moves towards EBFM (and adaptive management), there is a need to develop innovative ways of looking at fisheries data and seek new forms of analysis and solutions.