EBLVEuropean Bat Lyssa Virus
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Especies Abrevi Soro- Geno- acao (a) tipo tipo Lyssavirus (virus da raiva) RABV I I Lagos-Bal-Virus LBV II II Mokola-Virus MOKV III III Duvenhage Virus DUVV IV IV European Bat Lyssavirus 1 EBLV 1 V European Bat Lyssavirus 2 EBLV 2 VI Australian Bat Lyssavirus ABLV VII Aravan virus ARAV ?
Results for isolation of EBLV (07240FRA) by MIT were positive.
2 died with neurologic signs compatible with rabies and was positive for EBLV by FAT, the reference technique.
Furthermore, terrestrial mammals seem to represent dead-end hosts for EBLVs, as suggested by results of experimental EBLV inoculations in several mammals such as cats, dogs, ferrets, mice, red foxes, or sheep (6,7,14).
Confirmed cases of EBLV spillover transmission to terrestrial mammals and humans, Europe * Year of Clinical signs Host (no.
To characterize the circulating EBLVs, reverse transcription-polymerase chain reaction (RT-PCR) amplification products of EBLV RNA were sequenced and analyzed phylogenetically.
Direct sequencing of the RT-PCR-amplified products of a 566-nucleotide (nt) fragment coding for the amino terminus of the nucleoprotein of EBLV and analyses of the nucleotide sequences were performed as described (7).
In the most common native bat species, the pipistrelle, Pipistrellus pipistrellus, EBLV was never detected (1,837 specimens tested).
Homologies with older EBLV bat isolates from the Netherlands were also within these ranges.
EBLVs are generally not transmissible to terrestrial animals other than bats (4), although 3 cases in humans occurred in an 18-year period, 1 case in a Stone marten (Martes foina), and 5 cases in sheep (Ovis aries) (5).
The exact prevalence of EBLVs in bats in the United Kingdom is not known.
Similar values have been obtained for EBLVs (Veterinary Laboratories Agency, Weybridge, UK, unpub, data).