The divisions became final in 1988 when the TUC expelled the EETPU
over one-union deals, and it was to be four years before the union returned to the fold, after Hammond's retirement and a merger with the engineers in the AEU.
Union recognised AEU 18 25.0 EETPU 36 50.0 ISTC 1 1.4 GMB 5 6.9 TGWU 8 11.1 Multi-union 4 5.6 4.
Furthermore, the EETPU model collective agreement, used as the basis for many of these new style deals, specifically favours a penultimate stage of conciliation by ACAS, in the collective disputes procedure (the relevant sections of this agreement are reproduced in the Appendix).
Cross tabulations reveal that FOA impasse procedures are more likely to exist in workplaces: which are UK or Japanese owned; where the EETPU is the recognised union; which are located in the South East; where the impasse procedure was introduced between 1980 and 1986; in medium sized workplaces; and where union density is above 25 per cent.
These are the date when the impasse procedure was introduced, whether or not the EETPU has sole recognition at the plant and whether or not the workplace is located in the South East region.
The most recent annual membership returns, for 1986 and 1987, show evidence of a "bottoming-out." The rate of decline between 1986 and 1987 was substantially less than that between 1985 and 1986, not only for all TUC affiliates but, notably, for the three largest: the electricians (EETPU), the printers (SOGAT 82), and the largest teachers' union, the NUT.
Other mergers under negotiation are between the present fourth and sixth largest unions (government officers and public employees -- NALGO and NUPE and the engineers and electricians (AEU and EETPU).
The EETPU has, for a number of years, even succeeded in including private health insurance in some collective agreements,(51) and it now provides new technology training for its members, an example that has been followed by the engineering union (AEU) using funds and equipment from the Manpower Services Commission (a government agency, reconstituted in 1988 as the Training Commission).
The new realists are closely associated with the expelled electricians (EETPU) and, to a lesser extent, the engineers (AEU).
Of the unions recognized, five were prominent, with the then engineers' union (AEU) and the electricians' union (EETPU) recognized in 14 cases each, the Transport and General Workers Union recognized in ten, the General, Municipal, Boilermakers in six, and the Manufacturing, Science and Finance Union in five, while seven other unions were recognized.
The EETPU, for example, was ejected from the Trades Union Congress (TUC) after its refusal to withdraw from a single union deal signed with the Japanese-owned Orion Electric in South Wales in 1989.
The management of the Bosch plant for example, has signed one with the EETPU. Moreover, while the majority of no-strike deals have been signed with the EETPU, other unions have agreements with Japanese companies which, while not being termed no-strike deals, are very similar (Wilkinson et al, 1993).