Every EFST should articulate a task, purpose, method, and desired effects.
The EFST method normally addresses priority targets, priority of fire, mortar position areas, displacement and attack triggers, fire support coordination measures, and ammunition controlled supply rates.
The EFST method should identify priority mortar targets on which the mortar platoon must lay its guns on and trigger at the right place and time in order to accomplish the desired effects.
FM 3-09.31 describes the purpose as a summary of the task and purpose from the EFST. Each task has specific criteria.
The criteria are usually met if the purpose of the EFST has been achieved.
Similar to planning for primary and alternate observers, the mortar platoon must have an alternate fire direction center (FDC) plan for each assigned EFST target.
As a result of the many variables that can occur in combat, every assigned EFST target should have an alternate FDC assigned to it.
Brigade's military decision-making process produces EFSTs for the direct support (DS) artillery battalion to accomplish.
This will greatly assist these individuals in developing the necessary EFSTs and the overall fire support plan.
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