Bamber et al., "EFSUMB guidelines and recommendations on the clinical use of ultrasound elastography.
Berzigotti et al., "EFSUMB guidelines and recommendations on the clinical use of liver ultrasound elastography, update 2017 (long version)," Ultraschall in der Medizin, vol.
Braden et al., "Advantages and limitations of focal liver lesion assessment with ultrasound contrast agents: comments on the European federation of Societies for ultrasound in medicine and biology (EFSUMB
) guidelines," Medical Principles and Practice, vol.
Bamber et al., "EFSUMB
guidelines and recommendations on the clinical use of ultrasound elastography.part 2: clinical applications," Ultraschall in der Medizin, vol.
The current EFSUMB guideline of IVUS procedures recommends that in the case of indeterminate retroperitoneal masses (e.g., sarcoma), the indication for biopsy versus primary resection should be individually assessed (LoE 4, GoR C, and strong consensus 100%) .
According to recently published EFSUMB guidelines on INVUS, CEUS can be helpful to avoid necrotic areas in percutaneous biopsy of intra-abdominal tumors.
Ewertsen et al., "EFSUMB guidelines on interventional ultrasound (INVUS), Part I.
The European Federation of Societies for Ultrasound in Medicine and Biology (EFSUMB) guidelines and comments of the guidelines recommend the use of CEUS to diagnose suspected lesions identified in a background of chronic hepatitis or liver cirrhosis, also in patients with a known history of malignancy [18, 19].
The pattern of enhancement throughout the arterial, portal venous, and late phases was observed according to the EFSUMB guideline [18, 19].
According to the EFSUMB guideline, CEUS allowed the characterization of most of FLLs by analysis of the arterial, portal venous, and late phases [18, 19].
Since the first guidelines regarding the use of CEUS in the assessment of liver lesions, released by European Federation of Societies for Ultrasound in Medicine and Biology (EFSUMB) in 2004 and lastly updated in 2013 [43-45], new fields have been investigated with the evaluation of other organs such as spleen, pancreas, gastrointestinal tract, kidneys, and lungs.
Ignee, "EFSUMB Guidelines 2011: comments and illustrations," Ultraschall in der Medizin, vol.