EHV-1Equine Herpes Virus Type-1
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Viruses belonging to the family Herpesviridae affect a wide range of mammals, and the subfamily Alphaherpesvirinae harbors the main herpesviruses of veterinary importance, including Equid alphaherpesvirus 1 (EHV-1) (ICTV, 2016).
In this sense, Acyclovir has been the main drug used to treat animal viral infections, as BoHV-1, FeHV-1 and EHV-1 and EHV-4.
Isolation of EHV-1 from nasal swabs or peripheral blood mononuclear cells (PBMC) from clinically infected horses could provide robust evidence of the viral infection.
Serology helps to provide information on EHV-1 exposure in a non-vaccinated horse which can be used to guide the management practices (Irwin et al., 2007).
Several Burchell's zebras that were apparently healthy and later determined to be seropositive for EHV-1 were housed in the same pen as the giraffe.
We used PCR to amplify a part of the gB gene of the giraffe herpesvirus, and we used EHV-1 specific primers for sequencing.
(2006), usando-se a cepa Campus do EHV-1 e as celulas RK-13.
No entanto, neste estudo, nao foi encontrada associacao da presenca de anticorpos anti-Neospora spp e EHV-1. Varios estudos epidemiologicos usando tecnicas de diagnostico sorologico diferenciadas, em populacoes de equinos clinicamente saudaveis, foram conduzidos em diferentes paises onde os indices de prevalencia oscilaram de 2 a 30,2% (DUBEY et al., 1999b; PITEL et al., 2001; VARDELEON et al., 2001; GUPTA et al., 2002; CIARAMELLA et al., 2004).
PCR results for other potential pathogens (e.g., EHV-1, adenovirus, chlamydiae, rickettsiae, rabies, paramyxovirus, and West Nile virus) were negative in the polar bear, zebras, and onager.
One clade included EHV-9, EHV-1, and EHV-4 and was paraphyletic to herpesviruses from primates; the other clade comprised equid herpesviruses and a hyena herpesvirus that branched separately from other viruses (Figure 2).