EILMEver Increasing Life Ministries (Columbus, OH)
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Although Manwaring (1984) and Hudson (2001) view the EILM utilizing family and friend networks as a form of social control of employees, it was clear that larger firms were no longer taking this method as sufficient for achieving these ends.
Although the EILM was clearly still important especially in manufacturing firms who sought to 'import' desired social skills and work ethic from the surrounding community, it was being restructured in line with changes in the organizational requirements of firms combined with changing regulations.
For example, firms often utilize what Manwaring (1984) terms the EILMs for word of mouth recruitment of shop floor employees via existing workers, family and ethnic networks as a method of workforce control.