this discrepancy between a taxpayer's SMTR and EMTR
Os efeitos do tratamento pela EMTr
sao semelhantes aos da STN DBS, demonstrando que os resultados na voz sao reduzidos em comparacao a funcao motora global.
puede inducir cambios en los sistemas de neurotransmision, serotonina, dopamina, receptores de NMDA, taurina, aspartato y serina, y puede regular la expresion de algunos genes como c-fos y c-jung, importantes para la plasticidad sinaptica (19-21).
Measurements of the effective tax rates on domestic investment include: the cost of capital, the effective marginal tax rate (EMTR
), as well as the effective average tax rate (EATR).
Concerning tax law-based tax measures (EA TR, EMTR
, STR), the empirical evidence available so far points toward a negative relationship with globalization.
(1993) also noted the main argument against targeting: effective marginal tax rates (EMTRs
) can be high.
(19.) The effective marginal tax rate (EMTR
) on capital is a forward-looking indicator that measures the extra return that an investment would need to earn to pay taxes, over and above the rate of return needed to make the investment worthwhile if there were no taxes.
The effective average tax rate (EATR) measures the effective tax burden on profitable investments, whereas the effective marginal tax rate (EMTR
) depicts the effective tax burden on a marginal investment earning only its cost of capital.
While such policies induce less new participation than some other policy options, particularly Earned Income Tax Credits, they do not increase anybody's EMTR
(as many of the other policy options considered do) and the additional work effort they induce from those already in work more than compensates to produce the highest aggregate labour supply response.
Reducing the effective marginal tax rate (EMTR
) raises the after-tax return on investment and makes more projects profitable than would otherwise be the case.