was nearly universally regarded as the first modern computer until Atanasoff and Berry's work was rediscovered in the 1960s.
Not everybody, therefore, feels that the ENIAC
doesn't deserve to be called the first modern computer, despite the court ruling.
is targeted at the fast-developing nanoelectronics industry, which specialises in manufacturing electronic devices at the level of atoms and molecules, and has a budget of 3 billion.
Supposedly, this moniker was invented to echo the ENIAC
('Electronic Numerical Integrator and Computer') computer developed in the US in the mid-1940s by John Mauchly and J.
In 1949 the magazine argued that in 50 years, "Where a calculator like the ENIAC
today is equipped with 18,000 vacuum tubes and weighs 30 tons, computers in the future may have only 1000 vacuum tubes and perhaps weigh only 1.
A chip of silicon a quarter inch square has the capacity of the original 1949 ENIAC
computer, which occupied a full city block.
After the war, he returned to Penn, where he became part of the ENIAC
Mauchly and Eckert wrote the 12-page document to explain how the UNIVAC had evolved from the earlier ENIAC
and EDVAC (illustrated above).
In 1943 Thomas Watson, IBM's founder and president, assessed the commercial potential of ENIAC
, the world's first electronic computer.
Waldrop captures the playful arrogance of scientists that sometimes devolves into jockeying for position, as in the patent battle among labs over concepts developed while building the ENIAC
, the first real digital computer.
At an auction in 2000, Microsoft chief technology officer Nathan Myhrvold paid $70,000 for a relay rack, or a set of vacuum tubes, that belonged to one of the first digital computers, the ENIAC
(Electronic Numerical Integrator and Calculator).
It consumes enough energy to power 10,000 homes--considerably more than the huge power requirements of ENIAC