The citizen-suit provisions of the Resources Conservation and Recovery Act (RCRA),(71) EPCRA
,(72) and TSCA(73) present the hardest cases.
In 1986, Congress passed the Emergency Planning and Community Right-to-Know Act (EPCRA
To compound these challenges, we have seen a wave of new REACH-like health and safety regulations being established outside the EU including China, Korea, Turkey and Switzerland as well as updated domestic health and safety legislation, for example, in the USA with updates to OSHA, Hazcom and EPCRA
. What these regulations have in common is the emphasis they place on manufacturers and distributors providing more information about chemicals and their properties within Material Safety Data Sheets and exposure scenarios and ensuring these documents and any other critical information is delivered directly to customers.
Because Total P2 and Toxic Releases are collected only for specific toxic substances identified under EPCRA
Section 313, I further differentiate states by including a Toxic dummy variable, to indicate whether the state P2 program is focused on toxic wastes.
(30) The EPCRA
mandates that companies with certain amounts of hazardous substances must inform their state emergency response commission so that the commission can plan a course of action in the event of an accident or other exigency.
also requires facilities to provide information to state and local emergency planning groups regarding the quantities of certain hazardous chemicals on site.
As part of the settlement, the company did not admit liability for the alleged violations, but has certified compliance with applicable EPCRA
protects only specific chemical identities, so long as several restrictive conditions can be met; even then, however, information regarding the adverse effects of such chemicals must be made available to any person requesting that information.
But long before 9/11, in fact in 1986, Congress recognized that the toxic chemicals in our communities could pose a great risk and created the Emergency Planning and Community Right-to-Know Act (EPCRA
facilities comply with certain EPCRA
planning and reporting
Indeed, the lack of easily available environmental information was part of the government's motivation for passing the Emergency Planning and Community Right-to-Know Act of 1986 (EPCRA
These include: Directive 200/53/EC, European End of Life Vehicle (ELV), Restriction on Hazardous Substances (RoHS), and Waste Electrical and Electronic Equipment (WEEE); and Emergency Planning and Community Right to Know (EPCRA
) and Proposition 65, California, Consent Judgment for wire and cable manufacturers, in the United States.