Because the EPDs
of heavily used artificial-insemination bulls already include progeny-test information, on-ranch evaluations do not offer an opportunity to greatly improve EPD
A significant percentage of these mothers scored greater than nine on the EPDS
screening tool (Fredericton =22%; Moncton=18%) indicating moderate to high levels of PPD.
A total of 4,084 eligible women consented to participate, and 595 had a 6-week EPDS
score greater than or equal to 12, which indicates the possibility of depression.
(We used iLiad readers, which have eight-inch high-resolution EPDs
and more advanced features than the smaller Amazon Kindles.) After reading on each device, they were instructed to complete a brief questionnaire.
The team evaluated three briefer questionnaires: three anxiety questions from the EPDS
, seven depression questions from the EPDS
, and two questions from the EPDS
that resemble questions from Patient Health Questionnaire.
The authors of the PDSS in their manual (Beck & Gable, 2002) and in a direct comparison study with the EPDS
(Beck & Gable, 2001) have indicated that their scale may have superior combinations of sensitivity and specificity, and as such it may be better for detecting major postnatal depression.
Office staff members were trained to review Item 10 ("The thought of harming myself has occurred to me") on all EPDS
forms to check for suicidal ideation and make note of any positive endorsements ("Yes, quite often") for the physician to follow up on with the patient.
However, they also noted that "the EPDS
is the most widely used tool to assess depressive symptoms in parents during the perinatal period and was validated in expectant and new fathers."
The keynote speaker, Doug Parrett, professor emeritus from the University of Illinois, will evaluate the set of heifers for conformation then utilize EPDs
to select replacement heifers.
For each 1-point increase in the EPDS
score, the odds of reporting suicide ideation were increased 39 percent in unadjusted analyses; in fully adjusted models, the odds of reporting suicide ideation increased by 43 percent for each 1-point increase in EPDS
TRAINER Rebecca Menzies has put plans in place to manage certain syndicates internally after being affected by the apparent financial issues surrounding EPDS