Whilst Italy memorizes its victims by naming a square "Cinquo Cento" in Rome, the statue of Ras Alula that had been erected in Dogali, tribute to his heroic acts, was demolished by the EPLF
ELF fighters would dominate the Eritrean insurgency in the 1960s and 1970s, only to be destroyed by the splinter forces of the EPLF
in a protracted fratricidal civil war.
By 1977, the EPLF
was poised to drive the Ethiopians out of Eritrea.
This decline largely reflects the investment by EPLF
member companies to construct manufacturing plants in North America.
When Mengistu's regime was eventually overthrown in 1991, the victorious EPLF
walked into Asmara.
This time he promised to help upgrade the laboratories the EPLF
The Tigray People's Liberation Front (TPLF), in turn, provided the EPLF
with fighters at critical moments in the conflict.
It cannot be otherwise in a conflict whose roots go back to the very specific history of tensions between the two insurgent movements, TPLF and EPLF
, during the armed struggle in the 1970s and 1980s.
Here, the revolutionary EPLF
draws strength for its vehemently secular revolution from the "Christian" highlands.
In the trenches of DenDen, near the Sahel stronghold of Nacfa, in northern Eritrea, most of the formidable EPLF
fighters, who for years had been repelling the attacks of General Mengistu's Ethiopan infantry and airforce, were teenagers in shorts.
We sat in Askalu's two-storey, garden-style apartment in the compound known as Radio Marina, a former military installation built by the US in the 1940s, where many EPLF
members now live with their families.
In late May 1991 the EPLF
was able to vanquish the Ethiopians on the battlefield.