Some of the characteristics of ESAPs, as part of neo-liberal global capitalism, were its intent to reduce government deficit through lowered public spending, rationalization and privatization of public institutions and parastatals, liberalization of foreign exchange rules and trade, and deregulation of the labour markets (Jauch, n.d).
Through ESAPs, the neo-liberal philosophy of globalization was manifesting itself more shrewdly than that of its openly violent early 20th century modernist predecessor, imperialism.
"Shipwreck" satirizes the implementation of, and the disastrous effects of ESAP in Zimbabwe .
This section of the paper begins by addressing the argument for ESAP, its manifestation and destructiveness before analyzing the short story in detail.
In Zimbabwe, ESAP is most notorious, for it launched 'chigumura' or retrenchment, which subsequently led to the social and economic suffering of the common working man/woman, his/her family and the community at large.
Reportedly, fiber-based services utilising the E7-2 modular ESAP
and E7-20 multi-terabit ESAP
have already been deployed on the islands of Barbados, Jamaica and Trinidad and Tobago to service Columbus' residential customers under its Flow brand and business customers under the brand Columbus Business Solutions.