The intense X-ray source at the ESRF
meant whole intact scales could be measured, which was pivotal to understanding them and modelling how they scatter light.
The ESMAP's $2m ESRF
was set up in 2013 to help countries remove fossil fuel subsidies while protecting the poor, providing technical assistance to governments, developing tools for assessment and decision-making, and facilitating knowledge-exchange for a global community of reformers.
Despite CAPD catheter related complications such as peritonitis, exitsite infection (ESI), tunnel infection, pericatheter leakage and mechanical dysfunction,2-4 this treatment modality is still commonly utilized in infants and small children and can serve as a bridge between ESRF
and renal transplantation.
The authors are grateful to the ESRF
(station ID18) for the opportunity to perform the Mossbauer measurements (Grant HC-1907).
As <10% of the calculated potential sufferers of ESRF
in the public sector of SA are able to receive renal replacement therapy (RRT), prevention strategies demand the utmost attention and are of essential importance in all healthcare protocols.
Our case involved a 65 year old ESRF
lady with underlying hypertension, diabetes mellitus and ischaemic heart disease who received regular dialysis thrice a week in her usual satellite renal dialysis centre.
The XRD measurements were performed with a PILATUS2M pixel detector-based diffractometer at the Swiss-Norwegian beamline (SNBL-BM01A), at the European Synchrotron Radiation Facility, ESRF
, Grenoble, France.
In the context of his ESRF
, a noncontrast CT was undertaken to further quantify the lesion.
A single crystal was used for data collection under a nitrogen-gas stream (Oxford Cryosystems 700) on beamline ID30A-3 at the ESRF
synchrotron (Grenoble, France) using a PILATUS 6 M detector (Dectris) at a wavelength of 0.9677 [Angstrom].
* End Stage Renal Failure (ESRF
) secondary to diabetic nephropathy;
The aetiology of ESRF
such as diabetes may be associated with complex vascular dysfunction and widespread organ involvement including cardiovascular and musculoskeletal systems, the two being the most important cause of morbidity and mortality in patients with ESRF
on haemodialysis [1, 2, 7].
In its final stages, it determines the development of end-stage renal failure (ESRF
), a condition in which the kidneys stop operating almost completely and for which treatment involving dialysis (peritoneal dialysis or hemodialysis) and kidney transplant is indispensable for saving the patient's life.