* The Federal-Provincial ESSIM Working Group, which is an intergovernmental forum made up of representatives of over 20 ocean-related federal and provincial departments.
The ESSIM Plan was developed through a collaborative process.
Table 1 shows the operating principles for collaborative planning incorporated in the ESSIM process.
Easter Scotian Integrated Management Area (ESSIM) operating principles for collaborative planning ESSIM Management Plan The collaborative planning model is founded upon the following operating principles Jurisdiction Management authorities and jurisdiction of government departments and agencies is acknowledged and affirmed.
The ESSIM process also includes First Nations, but their involvement has been more limited, in part because the initial focus for ESSIM planning has been on the offshore region (Jones et al.
Source: DFO (2008, 7) These efforts to engage stakeholders and aboriginal peoples in the ESSIM and PNCIMA processes are encouraging.
The three overarching goals of the ESSIM Initiative are collaborative governance and integrated management, sustainable human use, and healthy ecosystems.
The proposed approach to implementing much of the ESSIM plan is through voluntary compliance (Canada 2007).
The ESSIM plan is to undergo a comprehensive review every five years (DFO 2008).
One of the specific objectives of the ESSIM plan is to ensure that monitoring and reporting are timely and effective.
The ESSIM Plan states that it will "provide long-term direction and commitment for integrated, ecosystem-based and adaptive management" (Canada 2007, 5).