ESWDElectronic Software Delivery (Nortel)
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To do so, ESSL approaches people who report through the public ESWD web interface and advertises the benefits of ESSL membership to the weather services of southern and eastern European countries.
We thank the many volunteers, networks of storm spotters, and weather services who have contributed to the ESWD. We thank ESWD technical developer Zhongjian Liang and user support manager Thomas Schreiner.
Holzer, 2009: Overview of ESSL's severe convective storms research using the European Severe Weather Database ESWD. Atmos.
Flow of severe weather data into and within ESWD. Four levels of data quality control are indicated (QC0, QC0+, QC1, and QC2).
Density of severe weather reports in ESWD as of Nov 2016.
The mean annual damages (estimated based on tornado reports from ESWD and using a methodology described in the appendix) increased more than a factor of 3 from 7 million [euro] per year between 1950 and 1989 to 25 million [euro] between 2006 and 2015 (Fig.
2015), such as the ESWD, are an effective way to develop pan-European tornado databases.
In the ESWD, tornado reports include the number of injuries and fatalities and the associated damages.
In the ESWD, the damages are estimated for property damage, crop and forest damage, and total damage (property, crop, forest, and other types of damages).
1) All the damages for which estimates were included in ESWD have been converted to euros using two online resources (i.e., Historical Exchange Rates 2016; Historical Currency Converter 2016).
Tornado reports for Europe covering the period 1950-2015 were obtained from the ESWD developed and maintained by the European Severe Storms Laboratory (Groenemeijer and Kiihne 2014).