ESYTCEdinburgh Study of Youth Transitions and Crime (Edinburgh, Scotland)
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Professor Susan McVie, the criminologist who compiled the ESYTC report, said knifecarriers were likely to have joined gangs, abused drink or drugs, and may carry a blade to enhance their social status and give them a "buzz".
In contrast to the results reported above from the OCJS, the reported frequency of offending was found to be a significant predictor of arrest in the ESYTC (perhaps due to the use of a continuous, rather than dichotomous measure of frequency), but drug use also had an independent effect in increasing the probability of having adversarial contact with the police (with an odds ratio of 2) (McAra & McVie, 2005, p.
The OCJS and ESYTC analyses described above suggest that drug users are over-represented in arrest figures by a factor of at least two.