ETCO2End-Tidal Carbon Dioxide
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Continuous variables like age, weight, Heart Rate, SBP, DBP, MAP, RPP, SPO2 and ETCO2 are expressed as Mean [+ or -] Standard Deviation and compared across the 3 group.
The position of the double lumen tube was confirmed again by bronchoscope before the single lung ventilation in the lateral decubitus position, after which the ventilator parameters were changed with tidal volume 6-8ml/kg, respiratory rate 12-18 breaths/min, I:E 1:1 .5, to maintained ETCO2 35-45 mmHg.
As a result of this PCO2 equilibrium, ETCO2 will reflect the change in PaCO2 even in the presence of pulmonary disease and this has been confirmed by direct measurement.
At this point of the procedure, the patient was ventilated with low tidal volumes of 300 and respiratory rate of 16-20 to keep the ETCO2 at around 40.The right lung was surgically retracted and the trachea was exposed up to the carina.
Aloha, Oregon, U.S.A), com sensor posicionado na arteria digital palmar comum e manguito [n.sup.o]-2 na regiao radio-ulnar, de largura aproximada de 40% da circunferencia do membro e manometro aneroide), f em movimentos por minuto (mpm) e ETCO2 e fracao expirada de isoflurano (FeISO) com sensor entre a sonda e o sistema anestesico (atraves de monitor de gases anestesicos Poet IQ2[R] Criticare Systems, Inc, Waukesha, EUA).
Ventilation of lungs was adjusted so as to maintain ETCO2 between 35 and 45 mmHg.
During the operation, heart rate was between 103-125 beats/min, NIBP was between 75/37-92/45 mmHg, SpO2 was between 97-99%, and etCO2 was between 32-41 mmHg.
Broncoscopy was performed under general anesthesia providing known anesthesia monitorization (ECG, SpO2, ETCO2, uninterventional arterial monitorization) using intravenous or inhalation induction method in all patients.
The Israeli company, with sales of USD64m in 2011, provides Microstream capnography monitors and modules, together with specialised algorithms, as well as etCO2 breath sampling lines.
High-quality compressions and coronary perfusion pressures correlate with end-tidal carbon dioxide (ETCO2) levels of 20-25 mm Hg on capnography.
The company will begin selling the Capnostream20 monitors and patented FilterLine etCO2 sampling products immediately into the Critical Care environment and Home Care areas throughout Japan.