This article analyzes EUPD in order to explore possible effects of the narratives about the EU developed and propagated to the world.
In particular, we provide a contribution to the literature on EUPD, by making use of poststructuralist insights on the co-constitution between identity and foreign policy practices and their effects.
The article is structured as follows: the next section discusses the treatment of EUPD by the literature, identifying some of its shortcomings; the following section introduces poststructuralist theorization, which focuses on the productive dimension of discursive practices and discusses how this perspective can add to our understanding of EUPD.
We find these terms (identities, narratives and norms) useful to understand what EUPD does, i.e., its productive dimension, but we argue that the relationship between them should be altered.
A step beyond Cross' (2013) constructivist view is taken by Rasmussen (2009), who adopts a discourse theory framework, and conceptualizes EUPD as being about "establishing an identity for the EU as an actor, and about influencing foreign conceptions of other discursive elements, such as democracy, human rights, climate change" (Rasmussen 2009, 2).