EXTOXNETExtension Toxicology Network
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Coupled with this is the incidence mortality recorded on some predators that have ingested poisoned baits resulting from misuse and deliberate abuse of the pesticide by some farmers (EXTOXNET 1996; Otieno et al., 2010).
Berlin, Heidelberg and Newyork, Springer-Velag EXTOXNET, 1996.
Extension Toxicology Network (Extoxnet) 2008 EXTOXNET Global Search and Browse, http://extoxnet.orst.edu/ghindex.
EXTOXNET. Pesticide Information Profiles, Available at: http:// ace.orst.edu/info/extoxnet/pips/ghindex.html
Those advocating their use habitually fail to mention that both are accompanied by a "synergist," which is defined by the Extension Toxicology Network (EXTOXNET) as "chemical agents used to enhance the killing power of the active ingredients." For both permethrin and sumithrin, the synergist piperonyl butoxide (P130) is added.
2001) and information in public databases [Agency for Toxic Substances and Disease Registry (ATSDR) 2002; Extension Toxicology Network (EXTOXNET) 2002; National Center for Biotechnology Information 2002].
It is noteworthy that our literature search found no reports of serious adverse effects on humans [data obtained from the National Library of Medicine (NLM 2006), PubMed (2007), Toxnet (2006), and the EXtension TOXicology NETwork (EXTOXNET 2007)].
Following oral dosage in studies with rats and mice, peak serum concentrations are reached within 24-48 hr, with most of the compound cleared from the body within 8 days (EXTOXNET 1996a).
Less soluble than dicofol, endosulfan breaks down in soil and water over periods of weeks to months (EXTOXNET 1996b).
EPA 2002) and/or xenoestrogens (Illinois EPA 1997; National Toxicology Program 2001; EXTOXNET 1998).
However, the number of exposed individuals is larger if we consider that this pyrethroid is also used in agriculture and in household insecticides (EXTOXNET 2003).