Emotion-focused coping potential refers to an individual's perceived ability to emotionally tolerate the task of screening children and families for child neglect.
Participants' appraisals of their prospective responsibility for screening children and families for signs of child neglect were assessed by five face valid items designed to measure motivational relevance, motivational congruence, problem-focused coping potential, emotion-focused coping potential, and future expectancy.
Furthermore, in terms of emotion-focused coping potential, approximately three-quarters of participants reported some level of doubt about their ability to emotionally tolerate the psychologic burden of screening for child neglect.
Secondary appraisal evaluates coping options and outcomes, and includes accountability (who/what is responsible for the situation), future expectancy (likelihood of change), problem-focused coping potential (options for influencing the situation), and emotion-focused coping potential (ability to emotionally adapt to the situation).
Similarly, optimistic appraisal of emotion-focused coping potential may be associated with use of emotion-focused strategies such as positive reframing and acceptance.
Motivational relevance, motivational congruence, and problem- and emotion-focused coping potential were assessed with two-item scales; measures of future expectancy, self- and other-accountability used single items.
High emotion-focused coping potential indicated general confidence about emotional adjustment.
Second, regressions showed optimistic emotion-focused coping potential to be associated with increased use of positive reframing (although not acceptance).
The subsequent seven items were identical to those used by Smith and Lazarus (1993) to measure appraisal dimensions of motivational relevance, motivational incongruence, self-accountability, other-accountability, future expectancy, problem-focused coping potential, and emotion-focused coping potential.
For both kinds of activity, intensity showed statistically reliable positive associations with communicative intent and receipt, and motivational relevance and incongruence, and a reliable negative association with emotion-focused coping potential.
Anger impurity was reliably positively associated with prior negative affect and self-accountability, and reliably negatively associated with emotion-focused coping potential across both activities.