Both urinary and serum equol are associated with plasma testosterone and FAI among men with the TT genotype but not in men with the CC or CT genotypes for the CYP19 3'-untranslated region T-C polymorphism while urinary and serum enterolactone
showed similar genotype-dependent associations with testosterone but not with FAI.
Other non-flavonoid polyphenols * Other tannins (cereals, fruits, berries, beans, nuts, wine, cocoa) * Curcuminoids: curcumin (turmeric) * Stilbenes: cinnamic acid, resveratrol (grapes, wine, blueberries, peanuts, raspberries) * Lignans: secoisolariciresinol, enterolactone
, sesamin (grains, flaxseed, sesame seeds) Terpenoids 1.
These anticancer effects of (-)-sesamin in vivo are remarkable, since sesamin is metabolized in animals and men to enterolactones
(Liu et al.
also was significantly inversely associated with asthma prevalence and had the strongest inverse association with wheezing.
Milk concentration of the mammalian lignan enterolactone
, milk production, milk fatty acid profile, and digestibility in dairy cows fed diets containing whole flaxseed or flaxseed meal.
After a mean observation time of six years, they related enterolactone
levels to clinical disease progression.
2006), lignans can be converted by intestinal microbiota to the mammalian lignans, enterodiol and enterolactone
, which may have protective effects against hormone-related diseases such as breast cancer.
Plant lignans take a number of forms, and many of them are metabolized by human intestinal bacteria into two compounds: enterolactone
However, a recently published study from Europe (Norfolk-EPIC) found no association of estimates of microbial enterolactone
production and breast cancer risk, although they did observe a significant decrease in colon cancer risk in women.
The effect of flaxseed supplementation in processed foods on serum fatty acids and enterolactone
We've been focusing on two lignans, enterodiol and enterolactone
," says Wendy Demark-Wahnefried of the MD Anderson Cancer Center in Houston.
Secoisolariciresinol diglucoside (SDG), a flaxseed lignan, and its metabolites secoisolariciresinol (SECO), enterodiol (ED), and enterolactone
(EL), which are all formed in the body have antioxidant activity.