Closed captioning on TV, accessibility of ATM machines, the role of women in the military, and the principle of equal pay for work of equal value
are all examples of change born from discrimination complaints.
The Arbitration Commission's 1969 equal pay decision brought Australian women another step closer to equal pay for work of equal value
. The ACTU claim for equal pay in the 1972 National Wage Case 'overcame some of the limitations of the 1969 principles by broadening the scope from "equal work" to "equal value", thus opening the door to claims from female dominated areas of work'.
Paul Vaughan, regional director of the Royal College of Nursing, said: "It's a lottery that goes completely against the principle of equal pay for work of equal value
Minimum and above-minimum wages will be ensured on the basis of equal pay for equal work, and equal pay for work of equal value
, as between men and women, in accordance with Pakistans obligations under ILO Conventions 100 and 111 concerned with equality and non-discrimination respectively.
The 1972 equal pay for work of equal value
principle (2) followed the 1969 equal pay for equal work principle (3), the latter having broken through the institutionalised sexism that had marked early Australian wage fixation.
IRONICALLY the proposal is a consequence of the UK-wide equal pay review, set up to ensure "equal pay for work of equal value
", which saw local authorities forced to spend millions of pounds for historically underpaying staff.
At the heart of equality and justice is pay equity, and what pay equity means is equal pay for work of equal value
Geneva, Switzerland) and Beigbeder (a legal counsel for international civil servants) examine this change, in particular examining the impact of International Labour Organisation standards of equality, which were elaborated as early as 1951 and 1958 in two major Conventions (maternity protection was addressed as far back as 1919), on European Union legislation and case law, particularly in reference to principles of equal pay for work of equal value
, equal treatment in all conditions of work, reconciliation of the dual role of women at home and at work, protection of pregnancy and maternity, and the abolition of protective measures that have lost their purpose such as the ban on night work for women and the prohibition of women workers in underground mines.
However, this legislation has been less effective in terms of ensuring compliance with the principle of equal pay for work of equal value
," says the Commission.
The disparity in pay continued until 1969 when the federal Arbitration Commission established a new principle of equal pay for work of equal value
In the Midlands, Britannia Building Society, of Leek, Staffordshire, has set a framework of flexible working arrangements such as job sharing, part time work, home working and employment breaks' National Grid, of Warwick Technology Park, has improved the recruitment of women into the engineering side of the business with a range of initiatives' and Staffordshire University in Stoke-on-Trent, has undertaken a review of its pay policies, procedures and practices to ensure they deliver equal pay for work of equal value
Advances in women's pay were initially progressed by the passage of two industrial developments; the 1969 equal pay for equal work and 1972 equal pay for work of equal value
principles of the federal wage fixing tribunal.