Prior work that has examined efforts to obtain advice from external contacts in an executive's network (Geletkanycz and Hambrick 1997; McDonald and Westphal 2003) has not systematically examined the expectations for help from contacts outside versus inside the organization (e.g., Farh
See also: Oh, Jo K., and Crystal IC Farh
. "An emotional process theory of how subordinates appraise, experience, and respond to abusive supervision over time." Academy of Management Review 42, no.
Loyalty to supervisor refers to the subordinate's obligation to their supervisor by engaging in activities that benefit the supervisor (Chen, Tsui, & Farh
, 2002; Wu, Hu, & Jiang, 2012).
Kirkman, B.L., Chen, G., Farh
, J., Chen Z.X., & Lowe, K.
Paternalistic leadership style has been defined as "combined strong discipline and authority with fatherly benevolence and moral integrity" (Farh
and Cheng, 2000, p.
On the other hand, employees' psychological factors are much more influential on citizenship behaviours, as suggested by previous studies (Farh
, Earley & Lin, 1997).
[4.] Ripke S, Neale BM, Corvin A, Walters JTR, Farh
K-H, Holmans PA, et al.
Al Majh'Hoor came third, while Dettori led Farh
to the fourth place and Taraf rounded out the top five.
The HH The Emir's Sword (4.00 p.m.) for Purebred Arabians aged four-year-olds and over is the final race of the three-day meeting in which Dettori rides Farh
, one of two runners in the ownership of Al Shaqab Racing and bidding to deny local trainer Julian Smart his fourth win in the race in five years and a share of the QR 2.9 million prize.
Diversos estudios (Amason y Sapienza, 1997; Menguc y Auth, 2008; Martinez Moreno et al., 2009; Farh
et al., 2010) muestran la influencia de este factor sobre el desempeno de las firmas.
Most empirical research on OCB was conducted in the West using US employee's samples (Farh
Unfortunately, while these perceptions have received a good deal of attention from a variety of fields ranging from psychology to human resource management, it is hard to be certain that the underlying theory will be applicable in public organizations (e.g., Fleenor & McCauley, 1996, Farh
& Dobbins, 1989, Gibbons 1983, Froming & Carver, 1981).