The latter two categories of enterprises jointly constitute the group of FDIEs. DPrivEs are now over half of the total, employ over one-quarter of the industrial labor force, and produce almost one-quarter of total output.
The correspondent figures for the other group of FDIEs, those owned by entrepreneurs from Macao, Hong Kong, and Taiwan, are both less than 9%.
Their weight has been shrinking markedly, due to the relative decline of TVEs, collectives, and cooperatives, and to the parallel correspondent emergence of a growing number of domestic (DPrivEs) and foreign-owned (FDIEs
) private enterprises.