The current study demonstrated that adiposity indices such as BMI, FFMI
, Body fat and extracellular water content significantly differed according to an individual's prakriti.
The equation Fat-Free Mass Index (FFMI
) was administered.
The one with the smallest standard error of the estimate (SEE) included PBF, BFMI, PMI and FFMI
([R.sup.2] = 0.250, F[3,158] = 13.179, p < 0.001, SEE = 14.61).
Normally distributed variables and those following normal distribution after being log-transformed (HOMAIR, Matsuda index, TG, [I.sub.0-30]/[G.sub.0-30], and early- and late-phase DI) were compared between the 3 groups by ANOVA with post hoc analysis, while those (FFMI
, FMI, [I.sub.30-120]/[G.sub.30-120], and basal DI) unable to be transformed to a normal distribution were compared using the Kruskal-Wallis H test among 3 groups and the Mann-Whitney U test between 2 groups with Bonferroni correction.
Paired t-tests were used to compare mean of FM, %FM, FFM, FMI, and FFMI
measured by BIA and DXA.
These criteria include a BM < 18.5 kg/[m.sup.2] or a combined finding of unintentional weight loss (>10% of habitual weight indefinite of time, or > 5% over 3 months) and at least one of either reduced BMI (<20 or <22 kg/[m.sup.2] in subjects younger and older than 70 years) or a low FFMI
(<15 and <17 kg/[m.sup.2] in females and males, resp.) .
Fat-free mass index (FFMI
) was calculated with the following formula:
N = 11 Female, % 63.6 Age, y 65.5 [+ or -] 11.1 Smoking (pack-years) 56.3 [+ or -] 39.9 FFMI
, Kg/[m.sup.2] 16.1 [+ or -] 2.16 BMI, Kg/[m.sup.2] 26.0 [+ or -] 4.72 BODE index 6.0 [+ or -] 1.7 Charlson index 3.2 [+ or -] 2.0 6MWD, m 224.8 [+ or -] 114.2 Values expressed as mean [+ or -] standard deviation.
Variables Mean SD Gender (M/F) 7/5 Age (years) 57 10 BMI (kg/[m.sup.2]) 40 5 FFMI
(kg/[m.sup.2]) 22 5 Waist circumference (cm) 113 15 Hip circumference (cm) 121 5 CPAP/NIV treatment 8/4 CPAP/NIV compliance (h/night) 6 3 [FEV.sub.1] (L/min) 2.3 0.8 MVC force Multipath NMES (kg) 43.0 28.4 Conventional NMES (kg) 44.5 27.7 BMI: bodymass index; FFMI
: fat-free mass index; CPAP: continuous positive airway pressure; NIV: noninvasive ventilation; [FEV.sub.1]: forced expiratory volume in one second; MVC: maximal voluntary contraction; NMES: neuromuscular electrical stimulation.
FM and FFM were estimated using prediction equations provided by the manufacturer (using imputed age and height) and were normalized for height (FM index (FMI), and FFM index (FFMI
) in kg/[m.sup.2]).
The anthropometric measures assessed included height, weight, body mass index (BMI), waist circumference, waist-hip ratio, waist-height ratio, trunk-cephalic height, conicity index, fat mass index (FMI) and fat-free mass index (FFMI
[2,3] Body composition parameters such as body mass index (BMI), fat mass index (FMI), and fat-free mass index (FFMI
) and their association with pulmonary functions were documented by many researchers, since the previous years, with different results in both genders.