FFRDCFederally Funded Research & Development Center (US government-funded nonprofit entity)
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The Navy and myriad other government agencies have collaborated with academic institutions for a long time, especially FFRDCs. But using Reservists to bridge technological demand signals in the military with innovation in the private sector in this way is a new model for the Reserve and active components.
The third option, creating a smaller entity or FFRDC to research and disseminate material on US public diplomacy, would serve as a compromise in an environment where there may not be the political will or budget to start a new USIA-like entity.
David Helms: The Academy Health study (2005) lays out several options: (1) AHRQ does this with an external board, and a panel of experts; (2) AHRQ sponsors and conducts studies with oversight from an external board and creates some kind of intermediary like an FFRDC; and (3) AHRQ continues on its present course, creating a new separate quasi-governmental entity that would conduct this work.
Recommendation: To ensure that FFRDC employees operate in the government's best interest, the Secretary of Health and Human Services should review agency policy regarding personal conflicts of interest for its sponsored FFRDC and revise as appropriate to ensure that this policy addresses all personnel in a position to make or materially influence research findings or agency decision making.
Company: The Aerospace Corp., a Los Angeles-based nonprofit, government contractor that operates a federally funded research and development center (FFRDC) for the Air Force in support of the nation's space programs.
However, drawbacks to using IoM include the institution's "cumbersome" consensus process and the potential that Congress would be unwilling to fund much of the research "because clear accountability is lacking when an activity is housed outside of government." An FFRDC is a private organization linked to a federal agency that generally receives the majority of its funding from the government; private sources provide the remaining funding.
MITRE manages three Federally Funded Research and Development Centers (FFRDCs): one for the Department of Defense (known as the DOD Command, Control, Communications and Intelligence FFRDC), one for the Federal Aviation Administration (the Center for Advanced Aviation System Development), and one for the Internal Revenue Service (the Center for Enterprise Modernization).
Federally funded research and development centers (FFRDCs)--such as Los Alamos National Lab, the largest FFRDC in terms of R&D spending--accounted for a combined estimated $12.2 billion of R&D in 2003, or 4.3 percent of the U.S.
DHS will create a new federally funded research and development center (FFRDC), the Homeland Security Institute, to act as a think tank for risk analyses, simulations of threat scenarios, analyses of possible countermeasures, and strategic plans for counterterrorism technology development.
One category of organization in the quasi government is largely a World War II and immediate-postwar phenomenon: the federally funded research and development centers (FFRDC).(16) The FFRDC is a hybrid organization designed to meet a federal need through the use of private organizations.