One of the most striking elements of the FISA
system is the total absence of adversariality.
When Congress enacted the FISA
Amendments Act of 2008 (FISA
Amendments Act), 122 Stat.
The judicial oversight in both FISA
and previous versions of the Protect America Act constrain the executive branch on the front end - but only if the administration decides to follow the procedures that provide this oversight.
White House officials hoped that by agreeing to put the wiretaps under FISA
authority, they could lower the political temperature and reach an accommodation with Congress.
There may be statutes with even more solid constitutional foundations than FISA
, but if there are, they do not readily come to mind.
Republicans seem to be arguing that the FISA
process should have been more interested in the actual actors behind the dossier.
Ron Wyden (D-Oregon) co-sponsored an alternative FISA
reauthorization bill called the (https://www.
says that government agencies are supposed to keep to a minimum the amount of information about Americans that they collect, keep and share as part of their foreign surveillance operations.
Apres les multiples sorties mediatiques de la FISA
concernant l'absence des epidemies et la maitrise des virus lies a l'influenza aviaire, la Federation defend, cette fois, l'absence dans les differentes fermes d'elevage de volaille des aliments importes de l'etranger et qui comportent un risque cancerigene pour la consommation humaine.
court, which customarily rubber-stamps the actions of the surveillance state, was more stringent this time.
In Part II, this article examines both CIPA and FISA
Therefore, without publication, stare decisis becomes harder to justify and should be avoided when it comes to truly secret opinions of the type the FISA