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* FKGL = (11.8 x average number of syllables per word) + (0.39 + average number of words per sentence) - 15.59
Calculated DISCERN, FRES, and FKGL scores were expressed as means with standard deviations.
Overall, the mean DISCERN score was 1.61 [+ or -] 0.61, the mean FRES was 39.1 [+ or -] 19.0, and the mean FKGL score was 11.8 [+ or -] 3.4 (table 1).
The patient-oriented sites had a significantly higher mean FRES and a significantly lower mean FKGL score (p = 0.01 and p = 0.04, respectively) (table 2).
also analyzed Wikipedia.org and WebMD.com using the FKGL and FRE readability tests and likewise found that both websites were above the sixth-grade reading level .
According to that study, the American Academy of Family Physicians (AAFP) website was written above the recommended sixth-grade readability level using the FKGL, FRE, GFS, CLI, and SMOG.
Readability test Formula Flesch-Kincaid FKGL = 0.39 (total words/total sentences) + 11.8 Grade Level (total syllables/total words) -15.59 Flesch Reading FRE = 206.835 -1.015 (total words/total sentences) Ease - 84.6 (total syllables/total words) Gunning-Fog GFI = 0.4 [(total words/total sentences) + 100 Score (complex words/total words)] Coleman-Liau CLI = 0.588L - 0.296S - 15.8 Index SMOG Index SMOG = 1.043 [square root of (number of complex words x 30/total sentences + 3.1291 Variables.
Analysis of readability of CUA PIMs grouped by anatomic disease site General Pediatric Bladder Prostate Sentences 49.9 46.6 52.6 55.9 Passive sentences(%) 33.8 30.6 26.7 31.9 Graphics 1.6 1.3 1.4 1.2 Words/ sentence 16.0 15.2 15.1 16.9 Characters/ word 5.0 5.0 5.2 5.0 FRES 47.9 49.8 44.8 48.4 FKGL 10.3 10.0 10.7 10.6 Infertility/ Kidney- Genitals p value sexual ureter function Sentences 51.7 53.7 50.1 0.83 Passive sentences(%) 26.7 34.6 29.0 0.67 Graphics 1.3 1.3 1.7 0.93 Words/ sentence 17.2 16.3 15.0 0.01 Characters/ word 5.3 5.0 5.1 0.33 FRES 40.1 48.8 47.5 0.55 FKGL 11.6 10.4 10.2 0.38 CUA: Canadian Urological Association; FKGL: Flesch Kincaid Grade Level; FRES: Flesch Reading Ease Score; PIM: patient information material.
Since FKGL was developed based on FRES, this project chose FRES as the primary measurement; although both FKGL and FRES have been checked.
Finally a new window named "Readability Statistics" will be exhibited automatically and it will display the details including FRES, FKGL, Passive Voice Percent, etc.
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