VPR = k (LEGREF, FLFPR, AGE65PLUS, PCTBL, PCTHISP, GOV, SEN, MAILIN) (4)
Based on these results, the VPR of the voter-eligible population across states and the district was an increasing function of the number of LEGREF on the ballot, the FLFPR. the percentage of the population age 65 and older, the closeness of the gubernatorial race, the closeness of the U.S.
Likewise, using the FLFPR as a proxy for women's rising economic empowerment may not be ideal because many women remained secondary earners within households until the late-1960s and 1970s, continued to take their husband's labor-market choices as given, and worked part time with little opportunity for on-the-job advancement (Goldin 2006).
(8.) Similar to the FLFPR, female participation in higher education has grown steadily since the late-1940s.
Second, note that the estimated coefficient on FW rates in the fertility equation is still statistically insignificant when the FLFPR is excluded.
As for the female labor supply equation (row 2 in the upper panel), the HP is positively correlated with the FLFPR. Higher HPs decrease fertility rates and thus induce more females into the labor market.
WOUTHI = f(UNION, MFI, FEMHEAD, PCTSCHC, FLFPR, AGE65 & OVER), such that:
The estimated coefficient on the FLFPR variable is negative and significant at nearly the 1% level.
EGB = g(DOM, AGE65PLUS, FLFPR, MINOR, UR), [g.sub.DOM] < 0, [g.sub.AGE65PLUS] > 0, [g.sub.FLFPR] > 0, [g.sub.MINOR] < 0, [g.sub.UR] > 0 (2)
VPR = k(DOM, AGE65PLUS, FLFPR, MINOR, UR, MFI), [k.sub.DOM < 0, [k.sub.AGE65PLUS] > 0, [k.sub.MINOR] < 0, [k.sub.UR ] > 0, [k.sub.MFI] < 0 (4)
VPR = k(HS, AGE65PLUS, FLFPR, HISP, UR, MFI), [k.sub.HS] > 0, [k.sub.AGE65PLUS] > 0, [k.sub.FLFPR] > 0, [k.sub.HISP] > 0, [k.sub.UR] > 0, [k.sub.MFI] < 0 (4)
TABLE 1 Means and Standard Deviations Variable Mean Standard Deviation VPR 58.91 6.92 HS 86.01 3.76 AGE65PLUS 12.54 1.90 FLFPR 61.7 4.18 HISP 7.79 8.91 UR 5.62 1.04 MFI 63,653 10,376