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Brig Kazmi said that Pakistan chamAApioned nuclear disarmament, PAROS and NSAs, but it had opposed initiation of negotiation on FMCT due to the scope of the proposed treaty and the country's security compulsions.
Pakistan's position so far has been that it would like to see the commencement of negotiations on FMCT after existing stocks are explicitly included in the negotiating mandate.
In this approach, the NWPT can be regarded as one of the final blocks to build after the CTBT and the FMCT in the nuclear abolition process.
The proposed FMCT is a highly contentious for the non-NPT states for variety of reasons, including due to non-existence of verification mechanism, non-accounting of existing fissile stockpiles, no code of conduct for the Prevention of Arms Race in the Outerspace (PAROS), negative security assurances, and cessation of production of fissile material and verification mechanism to certify adherence to the proposed treaty.
CTBT ratification and FMCT negotiation are important.
For instance, the conservatives in Congress have successfully blocked consideration of the CTBT and FMCT since the Clinton administration.
A fissile material cut-off treaty (FMCT) that was also envisaged in Decision II of the 1995 package was first obstructed by a NPT nuclear weapons state and is now blocked by one outside of the NPT because existing stockpiles are not addressed in the negotiating mandate.
Consequently, a fissile material production ban, or FMCT, has remained on the long-term negotiating agenda at the Conference on Disarmament (CD) in Geneva.
They also reaffirmed their commitment to working together for immediate commencement and an early conclusion of negotiations on a non-discriminatory, multilateral and internationally and effectively verifiable Fissile Material Cut-off Treaty (FMCT).
O que o presidente Barack Obama sugeriu em seu discurso em Praga em 2009 nao foi exatamente o desarmamento, mas medidas de controle de armas: um tratado que seguisse o START I--o Novo START -, a ratificacao do CTBT e a conclusao de um Tratado de Proibicao da Producao de Materiais Fisseis--Fissile Material Cutoff Treaty (FMCT)--para armas nucleares ou outros explosivos nucleares (Gartner 2012, 4-6).
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