Both groups, however, attribute what they consider inappropriate attempts to commercialize women through marriage to a "hyperreal" image (Ramos 1998:277) of foho people, or backward, ignorant urbanites.
By these means, the knowledge and skill to engage in gift exchanges--be they glossed as barlake or not--is transformed into a source of prestige and distinction between ema Dili and ema foho, besides to be investments in the control of holy forces believed to play important roles in everyday life.
One week before the opening of the sacred house celebration in Lookeu, West Timor, at least two hundred people, men and women, young and old, of the Lookeu kingdom in East Timor and West Timor, gathered together at Lookeu's most sacred spring called We Uas in Foho Lor Lookeu, East Timor, for a sacred water ritual and offerings.
This process may also be carried out in the case of forced relocation of communities as was the case when the Lookeu origin community of Foho Lor Lookeu in Portuguese Timor was forced to flee to Dutch Timor.
Hierarchy, a pervasive feature of Timorese social classification was no less influential a determinant of social identity in Viqueque, and was indeed implicit in the very terms 'fehan' and 'foho', in which the former connotes superiority and the latter suggests inferiority, another local expression of a widespread South-East Asian contrast, that is, the ascription of superiority to coastal cultures and relative inferiority to upland cultures.
The 'L-shaped' rows, shown in the figure were occupied by the foho and fehan and that sector of the plaza they occupied was the central area for trading.
Certain vegetables and fruits were sold by both fehan and foho, but just as the allocation of the different spaces they occupied and the mobility or relative lack of mobility in the market plaza indexed the social identity and gender of the sellers, so did the category of commodity they sold.
Among the Timorese themselves most transactions occurred between the two categories of ema timur but so dominant was the foho commercial presence that had they shifted their produce to the emporia at Venilale, Ossu, Uato Carabau, or Uato Lari, the result would have been seriously detrimental to the Viqueque economy.
As a rough generalization, most foho sellers were men, whereas most fehan sellers were woman.
To these warung and kios, fehan and foho men and women bring their surplus garden produce for daily sale.
(13) Fehan = lowlands, southern coastal plains, refined; foho = uplands, countryside, unrefined.
It might be remarked that wet rice was much sought after by the fehan, who for the most part cultivated only dry rice in gardens and who lacked the flat fields and terraces of the foho. Uato Lari was a richly productive wet rice subdistrict.