FONOPFreedom of Navigation Operation (US Navy)
FONOPForza Operativa Nazionale di Oncologia Pediatrica (Italian: National Pediatric Oncology Task Force)
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Fonop is meant to counter China's assertion of de facto control over the South China China, where it has nearly finished building artificial islands and military bases.
Last October, for instance, in the aftermath of the first American Fonop, Beijing warned the United States to not act blindly or make trouble out of nothing.
Such FONOPs are perfectly permissible and admissible under international regulations such as the United Nations Convention on the Law of the Sea (UNCLOS).
Regular freedom of navigation operations (FONOPs) must continue in order to contest specific claims that are in contravention of international law.
"It claims illegal straight baselines around the Paracels, and the fonop may have been contesting these."
FONOP by the USS Curtis Wilbur, proclaiming piously that it "respects the right of innocent passage through its territorial seas conducted in accordance with the relevant rules of the international community." But Vietnam has both a territorial sea baseline and a prior notification regime that have been the targets of U.S.
Additionally, the recent US FONOP in the South China Sea near Fiery Cross Reef should also have been documented - putting a human and important non-threatening face on such operations.
Kano's statement about the Fonop came at a time when US B-52 bombers conducted transit operations in the strategic sea routes in September.
The United States challenges China's expansive claims in the region through its freedom of navigation operations (FONOPs).
Similarly, the US Navy's freedom of navigation operations (FONOP) in the sea are a tactic rather than a strategy, annoying China but doing nothing to deter it.
Regarding USS Lawrence's FONOP, see "Commentary: U.S.
The operation did not challenge any country's claims of sovereignty over land features, as that is not the purpose or function of a FONOP. Rather, this FONOP challenged attempts by claimants to restrict navigation rights and freedoms around features they claim, including policies by some claimants requiring prior permission or notification of transits within territorial seas.